Norham and Saint Cuthbert's Lands
Saint Cuthbert's Lands
According to local tradition, in AD 635 Saint Aidan crossed the River Tweed at Ubbanford, which we now call Norham, on his way from Iona to found the first Christian monastery on Lindisfarne.
Norham was one of the estates gifted to the Church by King Oswald around that time to support the new monastery. King Oswald also granted the estates of Coldinghamshire and Islandshire.
Oswald’s brother, King Oswiu gifted Yetholmshire to the Church in about AD 655, and Carham was added in AD 675 during the reign of King Egfrith.
These estates, together with extensive areas elsewhere in Northumberland, Durham and Yorkshire later became known as Saint Cuthbert’s Lands, after Northumbria’s best-loved saint.
Click here to find out more about Saint Cuthbert
Jedward and Teviotdale in what we now call the Scottish Borders, were added to Saint Cuthbert’s Lands in about AD 830.
Click here to see a map of Saint Cuthbert’s lands
In medieval times, Saint Cuthbert’s Lands were the foundation of the massive wealth of the bishops and the Cathedral Abbey of Durham.